Why Does God Create a World Filled With Suffering?

There are of course issues involved with the idea of an extra-cosmic Divinity such as we have discussed in the prior post. The fact that we cannot recognize, experience or see such a creator deity is not the essential difficulty here, as all of these things could be relatively easily explained away by our limitations of perception or our standpoint. Under the same basic heading would come the idea of a divine Creator who is not entirely separate and beyond the creation, but immanent within it. The issues involved here are basically the same.

The real problem with the concept, from the human standpoint, is that it becomes hard to understand why certain things happen or are necessary. Why do we need to have ignorance, suffering and struggle at all, if there is an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent creator Deity who could in theory create any world he wants!

Why would such a God want to make a world where all the creations survive by devouring and competing with one another, with pain, illness, incapacity and death? How can we claim that the creation of this omnipotent Creator is “good” when there is so much that is clearly amiss?

There must be another explanation that allows us out of the paradox of the omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent Creator purposely creating a world of pain and suffering!

reference: Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, Book 2, Part I, Chapter 1, Indeterminates, Cosmic Determinations and the Indeterminable

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Consciousness Organises the Universe in its Manifestation

If we find that we cannot reconcile “the double contradiction of consciousness emerging from a fundamental Inconscience and of a Mind of order and reason manifesting as the brilliant final consequence of a world created by inconscient Chance”, we need to explore other explanations for how the universe has come to exist, to manifest innumerable forms according to fixed laws of action, and to develop consciousness out of an apparently inconscient starting point.

At this point, Consciousness becomes the central point that provides the organising principle for everything we see. The Inconscience we see in the world of matter and energy actually is acting under the will of an organising consciousness, which has involved itself deeply into the material form and therefore can systematically manifest through sequential evolution of ever higher grades of conscious awareness.

From this standpoint we can still take several different lines of approach. One of these sees the entire creation as the manifestation of the Will of an extra-cosmic divinity. “All these things we see around us are then the thoughts of an extracosmic Divinity, a Being with an omnipotent and omniscient Mind and Will, who is responsible for the mathematical law of the physical universe, for its artistry of beauty, for its strange play of samenesses and variations, of concordances and discords, of combining and intermingling opposites, for the drama of consciousness struggling to exist and seeking to affirm itself in an inconscient universal order.”

reference: Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, Book 2, Part I, Chapter 1, Indeterminates, Cosmic Determinations and the Indeterminable