Sri Aurobindo formulates the integral nature of Reality, and thus, the integral nature of our action in life, when he describes the relationship between the impersonal Divine Existence and the Personal Divine Being. These are, respectively, the transcendent and manifested forms of Sat-Chit-Ananda which together represent the Divine Reality. “It is a necessity for the soul in the universe,–and therefore the inner trend of the evolutionary Energy and its ultimate intention,–to know and to grow into this truth of itself, to become one with the Divine Being, to raise its nature to the Divine Nature, its existence into the Divine Existence, its consciousness into the Divine Consciousness, its delight of being into the divine Delight of Being, and to receive all this into its becoming, to make the becoming an expression of that highest Truth, to be possessed inwardly of the Divine Self and Master of its existence and to be at the same time wholly possessed by Him and moved by His Divine Energy and live and act in a complete self-giving and surrender.”
While some theistic or philosophical viewpoints incorporate elements of this, it is important to note that most of them fall short of recognizing the oneness of God and individual Soul, and the capacity to effect the “merger of the soul in the Divine Unity through love, through union of consciousness, through fusion of existence in existence.”
To try to eternally separate God and Soul it is necessary to embrace dualistic views of existence; while Sri Aurobindo’s analysis, which we have reviewed for the last 20 months or so as we systematically review The Life Divine, does not accept the duality as an ultimate truth. Eventually we have to conclude that if all this is ONE Being, ONE Existence, ONE universal power of manifestation, that the physical material world, and the evolutionary forces of life, and mind, are all expressions of that One Reality; and that therefore, the Soul manifesting in the world also partakes of that Oneness, with the eventual unification of Soul and God becoming an inevitable consequence.
Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, Book 2, Part 2, Chapter 16, The Integral Knowledge and the Aim of Life; Four Theories of Existence