The supramental consciousness resolves the dichotomy between the individual and the universal, while concurrently transcending both of them. At the same time, it represents the unification of knowledge, will and action so that there is no loss or dilution of knowledge as it turns into will or action.
“A complete self-knowledge in all things and at all moments is the gift of the supramental gnosis and with it a complete self-mastery, not merely in the sense of control of Nature but in the sense of a power of perfect self-expression in Nature. Whatever knowledge of self there would be, would be perfectly embodied in the will of the self, the will perfectly embodied in the action of the self; the result would be the self’s complete dynamic self-formulation in its own nature.”
While in the lower terms below the gradation of Supermind, diversity is achieved by restriction or limitation of knowledge, will or action, in the supramental gnosis such a limitation is not required; diversity is achieved through conscious holding back of knowledge or action, not through lack of capacity. “But in the supramental being this need of limitation for perfection would disappear; the diversity would not be secured by limitation but by a diversity in the power and hue of the Supernature: the same whole of being and the same whole of nature would express themselves in an infinitely diverse fashion; for each being would be a new totality, harmony, self-equation of the One Being. What would be expressed in front or held behind at any moment would depend not on capacity or incapacity, but on the dynamic self-choice of the Spirit, its delight of self-expression, on the truth of the Divine’s will and joy of itself in the individual and, subordinately, on the truth of the thing that had to be done through the individual in the harmony of the totality. For the complete individual is the cosmic individual, since only when we have taken the universe into ourselves,–and transcended it,–can our individuality be complete.”
Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, Book 2, Part 2, Chapter 27, “The Gnostic Being”