As long as we remain rooted in the mental consciousness, which functions on the basis of separation, division and fragmentation, we are bound within the actions of Nature working through the Gunas. As we undertake the process of the Yoga, we begin to experience the calm, wideness, stillness, unity of consciousness which begins to create a new platform for our experience and our action. This experience puts us into touch with our wider and truer Self, the Self that is ONE with all existence, and which is not limited by the specific ego-personality that we experience when we are fixed in the mental consciousness.
Sri Aurobindo describes the experience and the process: “When this Self is revealed within us, when we feel its peace and stillness, we can grow into that; we can transfer the poise of our soul from its lower immergence in Nature and draw it back into the Self. We can do this by the force of the things we have attained, calm, equality, passionless impersonality. For as we grow in these things, carry them to their fullness, subject all our nature to them, we are growing into this calm, equal, passionless, impersonal, all-pervading Self.”
The result: “All things we see in this self which we have become in ourself; and we see this self in all; we become one being with all beings in the spiritual basis of their existence. By doing works in this selfless tranquility and impersonality, our works cease to be ours, cease to bind or trouble us with their reactions. Nature and her Gunas weave the web of her works, but without affecting our griefless self-existent tranquility. All is give up into that one equal and universal Brahman.”
We experience the two great Truths expressed repeatedly in the Upanishads: “One Without A Second.” and “All This Is the Brahman”. These are not intended to be intellectual statements or philosophical dicta, but a living experience of Oneness achieved through identification with the consciousness of the Self which takes over our seeing and acting as we continue to grow into that and shift our standpoint more and more toward the view of Oneness.
Sri Aurobindo, Essays on the Gita, First Series, Chapter 24, The Gist of the Karmayoga, pp. 244-245