While we have generally described the characteristics of the Supreme Nature (Para Prakriti), it is useful to review the specific citations wherein the Gita itself refers to it, to see how it is tied into the Supreme Being (Purushottama) that is the central and essential secret of the Gita’s teaching:
Sri Aurobindo reviews the Gita’s statements: “For, first, this other higher Prakriti is, says Krishna, my supreme nature….And this ‘I’ here is the Purushottama, the supreme Being, the supreme Soul, the transcendent and universal Spirit. The original and eternal nature of the Spirit and its transcendent and originating Shakti is what is meant by the Para Prakriti.”
Krishna goes on to state: “This is the womb of all beings”….”I am the birth of the whole world and so too its dissolution; there is nothing else supreme beyond Me.”
“Here then the supreme Soul, Purushottama, and the supreme Nature, Para Prakriti, are identified: they are put as two ways of looking at one and the same reality.”
“The Spirit is the supreme Being in his infinite consciousness and the supreme Nature is the infinity of power or will of being of the Spirit,–it is his infinite consciousness in its inherent divine energy and its supernal divine action. The birth is the movement of evolution of this conscious Energy out of the Spirit…its activity in the mutable universe; the dissolution is the withdrawing of that activity by involution of the Energy into the immutable existence and self-gathered power of the Spirit.”
When we reflect on the vastness of the universe, and the enormous Power at work in its creation, maintenance and dissolution, as well as the precise and detailed interactions and inter-relations of each element of the creation, it becomes clear that there is a supreme Consciousness and that there is a supreme Power of that consciousness that creates, maintains and destroys according to its vision and intention. It is at this level that the concepts of the Purushottama and the Para Prakriti become active and meaningful frames for providing a distant glimpse of the greater consciousness-force underlying the entire universal existence.
Sri Aurobindo, Essays on the Gita, Second Series, Part I, Chapter 1, The Two Natures, pp. 256-257