The Yogic state of Samadhi which liberates the mind from its dependence on and attachment to the physical sensations brings one first of all to the inner vital and mental consciousness. Those who experience this state report that there is a much freer and more flexible action of the consciousness, and a range that allows perceptions on the physical, subtle-physical, vital and mental planes. Because the physical senses are not the means of interaction with the world, there can be a much finer and subtler sense of perception at work that impinges directly on the mind.
Sri Aurobindo explains: “It is able first to take cognizance of all things whether in the material world or upon other planes by aid of perceptible images, not only images of things visible, but of sounds, touch, smell, taste, movement, action, of all that makes itself sensible to the mind and its organs. For the mind in Samadhi has access to the inner space called sometimes the cidakasha, to depths of more and more subtle ether which are heavily curtained from the physical sense by the grosser ether of the material universe, and all things sensible, whether in the material world or any other, create reconstituting vibrations, sensible echoes, reproductions, recurrent images of themselves which that subtler ether receives and retains.”
Just as the physical scientists work to extend the range of perception of the physical world through the development of enhancements and tools such as microscopes, telescopes, etc., the scientists of consciousness can work to gain greater abilities to perceive and respond than the mind trapped in the physical consciousness can wield. These new powers help to bring a new understanding of the universal manifestation, the Oneness and the interaction of all beings, forms and forces in one coordinated whole.
Sri Aurobindo, The Synthesis of Yoga, Part Two: The Yoga of Integral Knowledge, Chapter 26, Samadhi, pg. 502