The limitations of the mentality are not just due to fragmentation of knowledge within the world of its perception of Circumstance. These limitations extend to an incapacity to grasp the enormity of Space as well as the sequence of Time. There is an ancient philosophical riddle propounded by a Greek thinker that indicated that an arrow could never reach its target, because at each moment, it would traverse half the distance to its goal, so it could not reach its goal. This is an illustration of the limitation of the mental consciousness because it assumed that each moment in time was a segmented and fragmented unit rather than a continuous flow from past to present and from present to future. The supramental knowledge, on the contrary, is able to view Time, Space and Circumstance as one whole, as a continuity and as a self-unfolding of the Will of the divine Spirit.
Sri Aurobindo observes: “The mind knows only the present and lives in an isolated movement of it though it tries to remember and retain the past and forecast and compel the future. The supermind has the vision of the three times, trikaladrsti; it sees them as an indivisible movement and sees too each containing the others. It is aware of all tendencies, energies and forces as the diverse play of unity and knows their relation to each other in the single movement of the one spirit. The supramental will and action are therefore a will and action of the spontaneous self-fulfilling truth of the spirit, the right and at the highest the infallible movement of a direct and total knowledge.”
“The supramental nature on the contrary is just, harmonious and one, will and knowledge there only light of the spirit and power of the spirit, the power effecting the light, the light illumining the power. In the highest supramentality they are intimately fused together and do not even wait upon each other but are one movement, will illumining itself, knowledge fulfilling itself, both together a single jet of the being.”
Sri Aurobindo, The Synthesis of Yoga, Part Four: The Yoga of Self-Perfection, Chapter 19, The Nature of the Supermind, pp. 762-763