Any attempt to bring about harmony and unity for all of humanity must find a way to address the conflicting needs and requirements of the various nation-states that hold sway in the world. One method would involve dissolving the nation-states into a larger form of unity, such as the concept behind the development of the imperial model. This however would have to find a way to develop not only the economic, political and military union, but also the requisite psychological unity that would minimize the differences of culture, religion, language, background, that are the foundations of the nation-states. A second method would require that the nation-units, despite their foundational differences, would find ways to work together and collaborate on issues that affect them all.
As the world recoiled from the horror of the First World War, the opportunity to address the common issues of peace, security and economic balance was there, and the League of Nations became the first, insufficient attempt to create a framework for tackling these problems.
Sri Aurobindo observes: “There was to be expected, then, some attempt to provide a settled and effective means for the regulation and minimising of war, for the limitation of armaments, for the satisfactory disposal of dangerous disputes and especially, though this presents the greatest difficulty, for meeting that conflict of commercial aims and interests which is now the really effective, although by no means the only factor in the conditions that compel the recurrence of war. If this new arrangement contained in itself the seed of international control, if it turned out to be a first step towards a loose international formation or perhaps contained its elements or initial lines or even a first scheme to which the life of humanity could turn for a mould of growth in its reaching out to a unified existence, then, however rudimentary or unsatisfactory this arrangement might be at first, the future would carry in it an assured promise. Once begun, it would be impossible for mankind to draw back and, whatever difficulties, disappointments, struggles, reactions, checks or brutal interruptions might mark the course of this development, they would be bound to help int he end rather than hinder the final and inevitable result.”
Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part One, Chapter 14, The Possibility of a First Step towards International Unity – Its Enormous Difficulties, pg. 118