The Necessity for Free and Natural Groupings of Humanity

We can see in world history that various natural associations of people have occurred based on racial characteristics, geographical contiguity, common language and cultural background, or common religious concepts.  At the same time we can see that when different groups of people were united within one societal aggregate, nation, or empire, there was a tendency for one of these to assume the role of dominance and use their power to suppress, oppress or subjugate the others that were included.  It is not likely that this tendency to establish dominance by one group over another within the same societal grouping will be overpassed in the future very easily, if at all.  Therefore, Sri Aurobindo posits that each such natural group should have the ability to create their own societal organization and thus, eliminate the internal domination within the state, and then have the opportunity of these separately constituted units to interact with each other on the world stage:

“The first principle of human unity, groupings being necessary, should be a system of free and natural groupings which would leave no room for internal discords, mutual incompatibilities and repression and revolt as between race and race, or people and people.  For otherwise the world-state would be founded in part at least upon a system of legalised injustice and repression or at the best upon a principle of force and compulsion, however mitigated.  Such a system would contain dissatisfied elements eager to seize upon any hope of change and throw their moral force and whatever material power they might still keep on the side of any velleities that might appear in the race towards disorder, secession, dissolution of the system and perhaps a return to the old order of things.  Moral centres of revolt would thus be preserved which, given the restlessness of the human mind, could not fail to have, in periods favourable to them, a great power of contagion and self-diffusion.  In fact, any system which would appear to stereotype anomalies, eternise injustice and inequality or rest permanently on a principle of compulsion and forced subjection, could have no security and would be condemned by its very nature to transience.”

Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 18, The Ideal Solution — A Free Grouping of Mankind, pg. 159