A world state, enforced by military and police power, and using the powers available to it through its military as well as its technological and economic levers of control, is not a dream that can be embraced by those who nevertheless would like to see human unity develop. Nevertheless, it is a direction that must be reviewed seriously because it has indeed the potentiality of realisation. The Third Reich in Germany had such aspirations and used brutally effective methods to eliminate people and cultures it did not envision in its future “Aryan” state, and to cow people throughout its sphere of influence into silence and submission. Yet such a State has far more potential options for control and dominance in today’s modern world with the combination of high tech ability to monitor, map and manipulate the thoughts and directions taken by people throughout the world, and the ability to use tools of control that are far advanced compared to those available to the Third Reich. For those attracted to this form of human unity, the key is to establish total uniformity as the basis.
Sri Aurobindo observes: “Such a state of things seems a sufficiently far-off dream and assuredly not, except to the rigid doctrinaire, a very beautiful dream. … at the rate of ever accelerated speed with which the world is beginning to progress and with the gigantic revolutions of international thought, outlook and practice which the future promises, we have to envisage it as not only an ultimate, but, it may very well be, a not immeasurably far-off possibility. If things continued to move persistently, victoriously in one direction and Science still farther to annihilate the obstacles of space and of geographical and mental division which yet exist and to aggrandise its means and powers of vast and close organisation, it might well become feasible within a century or two, at the most within three or four. It would be the logical conclusion of any process in which force and constraint or the predominance of a few great nations or the emergence of a king-state, an empire predominant on sea and land, became the principal instrument of unification. It might come about, supposing some looser unity to be already established, by the triumph throughout the world of the political doctrine and the coming to political power of a party of socialistic and internationalistic doctrinaires alike in mentality to the unitarian Jacobins of the French Revolution who would have no tenderness for the sentiments of the past or for any form of group individualism and would seek to crush out of existence all their visible supports so as to establish perfectly their idea of an absolute human equality and unity.”
The timetable noted by Sri Aurobindo was set forth prior to the digital and communications revolution of the last 30 years of the 20th century and the first several decades of the 21st. The means to the end are therefore quickly becoming available. What stands in the way at this time is the numerous peoples, cultures and languages and the fierce independence of numerous countries which provide a counter-balance to any speedy consolidation of the type described here. The power of diversity provides a block to this type of unified structure based on uniformity.
Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 19, The Drive towards Centralisation and Uniformity — Administration and Control of Foreign Affairs, pp. 167-168