It is a salient characteristic of the human mind to observe and fixate itself of distinctions and differences, while overlooking the common underlying basis that creates a unified, interdependent relationship between all the distinct parts or elements. Thus it is with humanity that we get so bound up in our differences of language, culture, religion, economic models and perspectives on governance that we do not pay sufficient attention to the fact that we are all part of one large eco-sphere, bio-sphere and noosphere and all humanity is affected when any part of humanity undertakes to do something. Failure on this level has led to serious issues of global pollution, overuse of resources, and a failure to balance many factors affecting the long-term health and viability of humanity. It has also led us to conduct warfare, including conflagrations that have involved people in every corner of the earth. As the problems caused by our past inattention become more and more acute, and as technology brings us instantaneous knowledge of events anywhere in the world, it becomes ever more essential for us to recognize this oneness and be both willing and able to start addressing these issues together, as the unified human race.
Sri Aurobindo notes: “The peoples of the world already possess a loose and chaotic unity of life in which none can any longer lead an isolated, independent and self-dependent existence. Each feels in its culture, political tendencies and economic existence the influence and repercussions of events and movements in other parts of the world. Each already feels subtly or directly its separate life overshadowed by the life of the whole. Science, international commerce and the political and cultural penetration of Asia and Africa by the dominant West have been the agents of this great change. Even in this loose unacknowledged and underlying unity the occurrence or the possibility of great wars has become a powerful element of disturbance tot he whole fabric, a disturbance that may one day become mortal to the race.”
The outbreak of the first and later the second world war made it clear that some exigencies must be developed to prevent such further global conflicts. The use of atomic, chemical and biological weapons underlined the risks for all of humanity to another major war of this scale. “The necessity of avoiding any repetition of the catastrophe was for a time universally acknowledged. A means of keeping international peace and of creating an authority which shall have the power to dispose of dangerous international questions and prevent what from the new point of view of human unity we may call civil war between the peoples of mankind, had somehow or other to be found or created.”
This task remains to be achieved. The partial solutions thus far have kept another global conflict from breaking out, but they have not eliminated the possibility or the potential use of weapons of mass destruction even in a regional conflict. The United Nations was formed to aid this process, and while it has done some positive things, it is not formed to solve the underlying issues due to the charter and the imbalances built into the control of the systems, not to speak of the political and ideological conflicts that play out within the body of the UN.
Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 24, The Need of Military Unification, pg 206