The World-Governing Central Authority Must Hold the Exclusive Military Power If It Is to Succeed

After World War I, the victorious allies laid down conditions on Germany that seriously limited the military power of the defeated Power.  In the end, however, this did not prevent Germany from rebuilding its military, building out an air force and a navy, and ramping up armaments manufacturing to create, prior to the advent of the Second World War, the most powerful and daunting military force in the world at that time.  The resurgent German military was able to plunge the world into a conflagration that far exceeded in scope and suffering, even the tragedies of the First World War.  We see illustrated here the rationale for Sri Aurobindo’s observation that in order for a centralised world-authority to effectively operate, address the issues facing all of humanity, and maintain peace, there must be total disarmament by all the nations, with their military forces disbanded and their munitions industries shut down.  Obviously, in the current state of the world, there is no immediate possibility of such a response, but it is essential to understand why this is actually a necessity:

“For so long as the national egoisms of any kind remained and along with them mutual distrust, the nations would not sacrifice their possession of an armed force on which they could rely for self-defence if their interests, or at lest those that they considered essential to their prosperity and their existence, came to be threatened.  Any distrust of the assured impartiality of the international government would operate in the same direction.  Yet such a disarmament would be essential to the assured cessation of war — in the absence of some great and radical psychological and moral change.  If national armies exist, the possibility, even the certainty of war will exist along with them.  However small they might be made in times of peace, and international authority, even with a military force of its own behind it, would be in the position of the feudal king never quite sure of his effective control of his vassals.  The international authority must hold under its command the sole trained military force in the world for the policing of the nations and also — otherwise the monopoly would be ineffective — the sole disposal of the means of manufacturing arms and implements of war.  National and private munitions factories and arms factories must disappear.  National armies must become like the old baronial armies a memory of past and dead ages.”

Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 24, The Need of Military Unification, pg. 213