The Necessity of Force in the Creation and Maintenance of a World-State

Humanity’s leading idealistic thinkers and visionaries dream of a time when force will no longer be the arbiter of affairs between people and their societal groupings.  Such a time, however, will require a considerable change in basic human nature which we cannot yet see on the horizon.  At some point in future history, of course, such a result might eventuate, as humanity evolves beyond the vital animal to become truly a self-conscious soul-being guided in action by the highest lights of spirit and implemented through the unique mental capacities of which human beings are capable.

In the interim, however, it is nevertheless essential that a solution be found to the worldwide issues that threaten the very existence of humanity, and, given the inability of a confederation of the world’s nations to truly reach equilibrium, and eschew the use of military force when an advantage is observed, it becomes necessary to consider the development of a World-State which would exercise complete and ultimate power of action including holding a monopoly on the military power and the armaments of the world.  The obvious concerns about concentration of power among any small group of human beings still remain and must be addressed, of course.

Sri Aurobindo notes with respect to the creation of a World-State:  “For it can be brought into truly effective existence only if the international authority became, not merely the arbiter of disputes, but the source  of law and the final power behind their execution.  For the execution of its decrees against recalcitrant countries or classes, for the prevention of all kinds of strife not merely political but commercial, industrial and others or at least of their decision by any other ways than a peaceful resort to law and arbitration, for the suppression of any attempt at violent change and revolution, the World-State, even at its strongest, would still need the concentration of all force in its own hands.  While man remains what he is, force in spite of all idealisms and generous pacific hopes must remain the ultimate arbiter and governor of his life and its possessor the real ruler.  Force may veil its crude presence at ordinary times and take only mild and civilised forms, — mild in comparison, for are not the jail and the executioner still the two great pillars of the social order? — but it is there silently upholding the specious appearances of our civilisation and ready to intervene, whenever called upon, in the workings of the fairer but still feebler gods of the social cosmos.  Diffused, force fulfils the free workings of Nature and is the servant of life but also of discord and struggle; concentrated, it becomes the guarantee of organisation and the bond of order.”

Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 24, The Need of Military Unification, pp. 213-214