The Rise of Socialism and the Development of a World-State

The increasing unification of the human race, combined with the need to address serious issues of global import affecting every person and every country, is bringing about the ever-increasing pressure for both the development of a World-State and its emergence as the governing power determining the internal social and political affairs of the nations.  The rise of socialism over the last century has given further impetus to this development.  Even in societies that claim to be capitalistic in name, the power of socialism has been felt and been working toward balancing out inequality caused by unbridled capitalistic individualism, which is seen more and more as an anachronism of the past rather than as the preferred model for humanity moving into the future.

Sri Aurobindo observes:  “This idea of the common interest of the race in the internal affairs of a nation is bound to increase as the life of humanity becomes more unified.  The great political question of the future is likely to be the challenge of Socialism, the full evolution of the omnipotent and omnipresent social State.  And if Socialism triumphs in the leading nations of the world, it will inevitably seek to impose its rule everywhere not only by indirect pressure, but even by direct interference in what it would consider backward countries.”

“Moreover, a World-State would probably no more find it possible to tolerate the continuance of certain nations as capitalist societies, itself being socialistic in major part, than a capitalist — or socialist — Great Britain would tolerate a socialist — or capitalist — Scotland or Wales.  On the other hand, if all nations become socialistic in form, it would be natural enough for a World-State to coordinate all these separate socialisms into one great system of human life.  But Socialism pursued to its full development means the destruction of the distinction between political and social activities; it means the socialisation of the common life and its subjection in all its parts to its own organised government and administration.  Nothing small or great escapes its purview.  Birth and marriage, labour and amusement and rest, education, culture, training of physique and character, the socialistic sense leaves nothing outside its scope and its busy intolerant control.  Therefore, granting an international Socialism, neither the politics nor the social life of the separate peoples is likely to escape the centralised control of the World-State.”

Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 26, The Need of Administrative Unity, pp. 231-232

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