The development of a World-State appears to be a response to the many pressures being exerted on humanity and on the planet through the development of human civilisation, following the industrial and digital revolutions that have been transforming the way humanity interacts with its members and with the global environment. There is more and more recognition of the global scope of the crises facing humanity, and thus, the need for a coordinated response from all of mankind. At the same time, there is considerable resistance and fear based on traditional adherence to national identity and customs, and the unknowns that accompany any collective endeavour of humanity. Past history makes us suspicious of centralised controls and governance, and any use of those controls to instill uniformity across all people. Thus, it is essential to set forth criteria and meaning for a World-State that will meet the aspiration of humanity while concurrently addressing the global issues.
Sri Aurobindo first observes that the issue of diverse languages may or may not be resolved, but should not pose, ultimately, an obstacle to the unification of humanity. Even here, while many languages remain active in their own nations and regions, certain languages appear to be proliferating as languages of commerce and interchange. “In any case, variety of language need be no insuperable obstacle to uniformity of culture, to uniformity of education, life and organisation or to a regulating scientific machinery applied to all departments of life and settled for the common good by the united will and intelligence of the human race. For that would be what a World-State, such as we have imagined, would stand for, its meaning, its justification, its human object. It is likely indeed that this and nothing less would come in the end to be regarded as the full justification of its existence.”
Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 26, The Need of Administrative Unity, pp. 233-234