It is difficult for us to imagine a world-order founded on a totally different set of principles than what we have heretofore experienced. Humanity has always based its associations on power relationships, where larger and stronger States held sway over smaller and weaker ones. This also led to the suppression of the free expression of people who became subjects of those stronger powers and thus, had to abide by the dictates of the ruling elite of that system of governance, whether nation or empire.
In a system based, rather, on a free self-determination of people as to their groupings within a global unification of humanity, a much different dynamic is at work. Sri Aurobindo describes the conditions that would have to come into play to shift humanity to this new, more mature, model of world unity with diversity and freedom of self-determination:
“Military necessity of forced union for strength of defense or for power of aggression would be non-existent, because war would no longer be possible; force as the arbiter of international differences and a free world-union are two quite incompatible ideas and practically could not coexist. The political necessity would also disappear; for it is largely made up of that very spirit of conflict and the consequent insecure conditions of international life apportioning predominance in the world to the physically and organically strongest nations out of which the military necessity arose. In a free world-union determining its affairs and settling its differences by agreement or, where agreement failed, by arbitration, the only political advantage of including large masses of men not otherwise allied to each other in a single State would be the greater influence arising from mass and population. But this influence could not work if the inclusion were against the will of the nations brought together in the State; for then it would rather be a source of weakness and disunion in the State’s international action — unless indeed it were allowed in the international system to weigh by its bulk and population without regard to the will and opinion of the people’s constituting it. … But this would be contrary to the modern sense of justice and reason and incompatible with the principle of freedom which could alone ensure a sound and peaceful basis for the world-arrangement. Thus the elimination of war and the settlement of differences by peaceful means would remove the military necessity for forced unions, while the right of every people to a free voice and status in the world would remove its political necessity and advantage. The elimination of war and the recognition of the equal rights of all peoples are intimately bound up with each other. That interdependence, admitted for a moment, even though imperfectly, during the European conflict, will have to be permanently accepted if there is to be any unification of the race.”
Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 31, The Conditions of a Free World-Union, pp. 271-272