Necessary Factors for the Development of Psychological Unity in a World-State

Human beings live primarily in their ego-consciousness, and center their thoughts and feelings around what they desire for their own satisfaction.  Through the course of human development, however, we have successively widened our sense of belonging so that it can encompass, not just the individual, but the family, the community, the state, and eventually the nation, as well as the religion or the culture to the extent these have developed a form and substance of their own in the world.   There is an existing psychological unity that binds individuals to these successive aggregates, with the current largest formation being the nation.   Looking toward an eventual oneness of mankind in a world-state or world union of some form, the development of a psychological unity which transcends national feeling, must develop.  Sri Aurobindo defines the necessary factors to create this psychological unity within mankind:

“There would be needed, to make the change persist, a religion of humanity or an equivalent sentiment much more powerful, explicit, self-conscious, universal in its appeal than the nationalist’s religion of country; the clear recognition by man in all his thought and life of a single soul in humanity of which each man and each people is an incarnation and soul-form; an ascension of man beyond the principle of ego which lives by separativeness, — and yet there must be no destruction of individuality, for without that man would stagnate; a principle and arrangement of the common life which would give free play to individual variation, interchange in diversity and the need of adventure and conquest by which the soul of man lives and grows great, and sufficient means of expressing all the resultant complex life and growth in a flexible and progressive form of human society.”

Sri Aurobindo, The Ideal of Human Unity, Part Two, Chapter 33, Internationalism and Human Unity, pg. 293