The Secret of the Veda, Hymns to the Divine Waters

It is difficult to systematically study and appreciate the Rig Veda other than through audio programs, inasmuch as considerable force of the revelation comes through in the poetic force and recitation of these verses, and thus, we have created a series of audio files which include the recitation of the Sanskrit text of the Rig Vedic hymns chosen, and the English translation provided by Sri Aurobindo. All recordings were created in 1973 at Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Commentary and Translation by Sri Aurobindo. Recitation in Sanskrit by Sri Vinayak. English recitation by Santosh Krinsky. Click on the enclosed links to go directly to each of the audio files included here. Page references to the U.S. edition of The Secret of the Veda by Sri Aurobindo, published by Lotus Press are provided for further elucidation and reading on the subject of each hymn.

Sri Aurobindo writes: “My object has been to show in as brief a compass as possible the real functions of the Vedic gods, the sense of the symbols in which their cult is expressed, the nature of the sacrifice and its goal, explaining by actual examples the secret of the Veda. I have purposely selected a few brief and easy hymns, and avoided those which have a more striking depth, subtlety and complexity of thought and image, — alike those which bear the psychological sense plainly and fully on their surface and those which by their very strangeness and profundity reveal their true character of mystic and sacred poems. It is hoped that these examples will be sufficient to show the reader who cares to study them with an open mind the real sense of this, our earliest and greatest poetry. By other translations of a more general character it will be shown that these ideas are not merely the highest thought of a few Rishis, but the pervading sense and teaching of the Rig-veda.”

Sri Aurobindo provides extensive analysis of the images of the Oceans and the Rivers in Chapter X of The Secret of the Veda (pp. 95-103) and then devotes Chapter XI to The Seven Rivers (pp. 104-117). The translations of the hymns presented here come from Chapter XI.

Hymn to the Divine Waters, Mandala VII, Sukta 47 The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation by Sri Aurobindo (Riks 1-4) recited by Santosh Krinsky.  (Secret of the Veda, pp. 104-117)

Hymn to the Divine Waters, Mandala VII, Sukta 49 In The Secret of the Veda, Sri Aurobindo writes: “The Veda speaks constantly of the waters or the rivers, especially of the divine waters … and occasionally of the waters which carry in them the light of the luminous soloar world or the light of the Sun … .  The passage of the waters effected by the gods or by man with the aid of the gods is a constant symbol. … What can these rivers be whose wave is full of Soma-wine, full of the ghrta, full of urj, the energy?  What are these waters that flow to the goal of the god’s movement, that establish for man the supreme good?  Not the rivers of the Punjab; no wildest assumption of barbarous confusion or insane incoherence in the mentality of the Vedic Rishis can induce us to put such a construction upon such expressions.  Obviously these are the waters of the Truth and the Bliss that flow from the supreme ocean.”

The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation by Sri Aurobindo (Riks 1-4) recited by Santosh Krinsky.  (Secret of the Veda, pp. 104-117)

Sri Aurobindo, The Secret of the Veda, U.S. edition published by Lotus Press

Rig Veda Samhita, Hymns to Agni from Secret of the Veda and Hymns to the Mystic Fire

Sri Aurobindo chose a series of hymns from the Rig Veda to quickly illustrate and support his insight to the psychological meaning of the Veda and the dual-sense of the symbols chosen by the Rishis.

It is difficult to systematically study and appreciate the Rig Veda other than through audio programs, inasmuch as considerable force of the revelation comes through in the poetic force and recitation of these verses, and thus, we have created a series of audio files which include the recitation of the Sanskrit text of the Rig Vedic hymns chosen, and the English translation provided by Sri Aurobindo. All recordings were created in 1973 at Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Commentary and Translation by Sri Aurobindo. Recitation in Sanskrit by Sri Vinayak. English recitation by Santosh Krinsky. Click on the enclosed links to go directly to each of the audio files included here. Page references to the U.S. edition of The Secret of the Veda by Sri Aurobindo, as well as to Hymns to the Mystic Fire, also published by Lotus Press, are provided for further elucidation and reading on the subject of each hymn.

Sri Aurobindo writes: “My object has been to show in as brief a compass as possible the real functions of the Vedic gods, the sense of the symbols in which their cult is expressed, the nature of the sacrifice and its goal, explaining by actual examples the secret of the Veda. I have purposely selected a few brief and easy hymns, and avoided those which have a more striking depth, subtlety and complexity of thought and image, — alike those which bear the psychological sense plainly and fully on their surface and those which by their very strangeness and profundity reveal their true character of mystic and sacred poems. It is hoped that these examples will be sufficient to show the reader who cares to study them with an open mind the real sense of this, our earliest and greatest poetry. By other translations of a more general character it will be shown that these ideas are not merely the highest thought of a few Rishis, but the pervading sense and teaching of the Rig-veda.”

Chapter 6 of the Secret of the Veda provides something of an overview to the role of Agni, the mystic fire. In addition, he chose one of the Hymns to Agni in the section titled ‘Selected Hymns’ and went on in the section titled ‘Hymns of the Atris’ to translate a number of the hymns to Agni.

The Secret of the Veda, Chapter VI, Agni and the Truth, pp. 54-64 Sri Aurobindo describes Agni as “the most important, the most universal of the Vedic gods.”  (The Secret of the Veda, pg. 265).  Agni is the divine will, the mystic fire, the flame of aspiration, and the “knower of all things born”.   Sri Aurobindo focuses considerable attention on Agni in both The Secret of the Veda and in his translation of the hymns to Agni in the volume titled Hymns to the Mystic Fire.   He devotes an entire chapter in The Secret of the Veda to Agni.   It is this chapter covered here with extracts from Sri Aurobindo’s commentary and the first hymn of the Rig Veda, Mandala I, Sukta 1, recited in the Sanskrit to illustrate that commentary.  (The Secret of the Veda, Chapter VI, Agni and the Truth, pp. 54-64).  The English translation of this hymn is from Hymns to the Mystic Fire, pp. 39-40

The Rig Veda sets forth in symbolic language the spiritual aspirations and teachings of the Vedic sages.  The outer sense and symbolism often breaks down as the true, inner, psychological meaning breaks forth to reveal the profound meaning of the Veda.  The Secret of the Veda provides an expansive review of the psychological method of interpretation that Sri Aurobindo employed, along with numerous illustrations of the method.  Hymns to the Mystic Fire provides translation of the large number of hymns of the Rig Veda devoted to Agni.

The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation and any excerpts from Sri Aurobindo’s commentary recited by Santosh Krinsky

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 1 Hymn to Agni (the first hymn of the Rig Veda) Secret of the Veda, Chapter 6, Agni and the Truth, pp. 54-64 and Hymns to the Mystic Fire, pp. 39-40 and 439-464 (an extensive word by word analysis of parts of this Hymn). The first hymn in the Rig Veda is described and translated by Sri Aurobindo.  In The Secret of the Veda Sri Aurobindo utilizes this hymn to show the psychological significance of the Veda and to illustrate its method of dual meaning of the terms, having both an outer, exoteric, and an inner, esoteric significance.  He translates this hymn in full in Hymns to the Mystic Fire.  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Later in the Secret of the Veda, in a section titled Hymns of the Atris, Sri Aurobindo undertakes to translate a number of additional hymns to Agni: We include one of them here:

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala V, Sukta 6 Hymn to Agni, pp. 378-380. The translation of this hymn along with Sri Aurobindo’s introductory comments, appears in The Secret of the Veda, pages 378-380,  The Sanskrit text along with an alternative translation appears in Hymns to the Mystic Fire, pages 213-215.

The following hymn was included by Sri Aurobindo in The Secret of the Veda, Selected Hymns:

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 77 Agni: the Illumined Will, pp. 263-271

Sri Aurobindo continued the focus on the hymns to Agni in the separate volume titled Hymns to the Mystic Fire.

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 12 Hymn to Agni, pp. 40-42. Sri Aurobindo describes Agni as “the most important, the most universal of the Vedic gods.”  (The Secret of the Veda, pg. 265).  Agni is the divine will, the mystic fire, the flame of aspiration, and the “knower of all things born”.   Sri Aurobindo focuses considerable attention on Agni in both The Secret of the Veda and in his translation of the hymns to Agni in the volume titled Hymns to the Mystic Fire.   The translation of this hymn appears in Hymns to the Mystic Fire, pages 40-42.

The Rig Veda sets forth in symbolic language the spiritual aspirations and teachings of the Vedic sages.  The outer sense and symbolism often breaks down as the true, inner, psychological meaning breaks forth to reveal the profound meaning of the Veda.  The Secret of the Veda provides an expansive review of the psychological method of interpretation that Sri Aurobindo employed, along with numerous illustrations of the method.  Hymns to the Mystic Fire provides translation of the large number of hymns of the Rig Veda devoted to Agni.

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 13 Hymn to Agni, pp. 42-43 (verses 1-5).

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 94 Hymn to Agni, pp. 66-69

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala II, Sukta 1 Hymn to Agni, pp. 81-84

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala VI, Sukta 7 Hymn to Agni, pp. 259-260

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala VIII, Sukta 39 Hymn to Agni, pp. 337-339

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala X, Sukta 51 Hymn to Agni and the Gods. In The Secret of the Veda, Sri Aurobindo showed that there is a deep, esoteric sense to the Vedic hymns that is the real sense of the hymns.  This Hymn to Agni and the Gods describes the relationship of the aspiration and will to the powers of the creation.  The English translation was provided by Sri Aurobindo in Hymns to the Mystic Fire, pp. 405-407..  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala X, Sukta 191 Hymn to Agni (the last hymn of the Rig Veda). In The Secret of the Veda, Sri Aurobindo showed that there is a deep, esoteric sense to the Vedic hymns that is the real sense of the hymns.  This Hymn to Agni is the very last hymn of the Rig Veda.  The English translation was provided by Sri Aurobindo in Hymns to the Mystic Fire, pp. 435-436.  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Sri Aurobindo, The Secret of the Veda, Hymns to Agni, pp. 54-64, 263-271, and 351-420 and Hymns to the Mystic Fire (entire volume)

Rig Veda Samhita, Hymns to Indra from Secret of the Veda

Sri Aurobindo chose a series of hymns from the Rig Veda to quickly illustrate and support his insight to the psychological meaning of the Veda and the dual-sense of the symbols chosen by the Rishis.

It is difficult to systematically study and appreciate the Rig Veda other than through audio programs, inasmuch as considerable force of the revelation comes through in the poetic force and recitation of these verses, and thus, we have created a series of audio files which include the recitation of the Sanskrit text of the Rig Vedic hymns chosen, and the English translation provided by Sri Aurobindo. All recordings were created in 1973 at Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Commentary and Translation by Sri Aurobindo. Recitation in Sanskrit by Sri Vinayak. English recitation by Santosh Krinsky. Click on the enclosed links to go directly to each of the audio files included here. Page references to the U.S. edition of The Secret of the Veda by Sri Aurobindo, published by Lotus Press are provided for further elucidation and reading on the subject of each hymn.

Sri Aurobindo writes: “My object has been to show in as brief a compass as possible the real functions of the Vedic gods, the sense of the symbols in which their cult is expressed, the nature of the sacrifice and its goal, explaining by actual examples the secret of the Veda. I have purposely selected a few brief and easy hymns, and avoided those which have a more striking depth, subtlety and complexity of thought and image, — alike those which bear the psychological sense plainly and fully on their surface and those which by their very strangeness and profundity reveal their true character of mystic and sacred poems. It is hoped that these examples will be sufficient to show the reader who cares to study them with an open mind the real sense of this, our earliest and greatest poetry. By other translations of a more general character it will be shown that these ideas are not merely the highest thought of a few Rishis, but the pervading sense and teaching of the Rig-veda.”

Chapter 8 of the Secret of the Veda provides something of an overview to the role of Indra, and in particular translates those verses of Mandala I, Sukta 3 that are a direct invocation of Indra.

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 3 Hymn to Ashwins, Indra, Vishwadevas and Saraswati pp. 78-85 and 517-519 (the translation here was taken from Chapter 8 of The Secret of the Veda. For an alternative translation, refer to pages 517-519.

Later in the Secret of the Veda, in a section titled Other Hymns, Sri Aurobindo undertakes to translate a number of additional hymns to Indra:

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 5 Hymn to Indra, pp. 491-501 (includes an introduction by Sri Aurobindo from Secret of the Veda to the role of Indra)

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 7 Hymn to Indra, pp.502-503

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 8 Hymn to Indra pp. 504-505

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 9 Hymn to Indra pp. 506-507

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 10 Hymn to Indra pp. 508-510

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala I, Sukta 11 Hymn to Indra pp. 511-512

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala VIII, Sukta 54 Hymn to Indra and Vishwadevas pp. 513-514

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala X, Sukta 54 Hymn to Indra pp. 515-516

The following hymns were included by Sri Aurobindo in The Secret of the Veda, Selected Hymns:

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 170 The Colloquy of Indra and Agastya, pp. 241-244

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 4 Indra, Giver of Light, pp. 245-253

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 171 Indra and the Thought-Forces, pp. 254-262

Sri Aurobindo, The Secret of the Veda, Hymns to Indra, pp. 241-262 and 491-521

Rig Veda Samhita, Mandala X: Various Profound Hymns

Sri Aurobindo notes that the entire Rig Veda is of profound significance, but that the tenth Mandala holds some deep and philosophically important hymns. In The Secret of the Veda, Sri Aurobindo showed that there is a deep, esoteric sense to the Vedic hymns that is the real sense of the hymns. .Among these are a number of famous hymns which are set forth below:

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala X, Sukta 129 Hymn to Creation Sri Aurobindo cites this Hymn in The Life Divine, Chapter The Knot of Matter.  Here we present a brief background to the Rig Veda and its significance and then the Sanskrit recitation of the Hymn of Creation, followed by the English translation provided by Sri Aurobindo and Nolini Kanta Gupta.  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English commentary and translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala X, Sukta 90 Purusha Sukta  This Hymn the Purusha Sukta, relates to the Divine Being that encompasses the entire universe, creator, containing and embodying the entire creation at the same time.  The English translation was provided by Nolini Kanta Gupta.  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala X, Sukta 125 Devi Sukta This Hymn the Devi Sukta, relates to the supreme Goddess, the executive power of the creation of all that exists.  The English translation was provided by Nolini Kanta Gupta.  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala X, Sukta 127 Ratri Sukta  This Hymn the Ratri Sukta, explores the relation of the Night to the Dawn, the “sister” who brings the light.  The English translation was provided by Nolini Kanta Gupta.  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala X, Sukta 121 Hymn to Hiranyagarbha, the Golden Child in the Womb  This Hymn to Hiranyagarbha, the Golden Child in the Womb, explores the web of the universal creation and manifestation.  The English translation was provided by Nolini Kanta Gupta.  The recordings were made at Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1973.  Sanskrit recited by Sri Vinayak.  English translation recited by Santosh Krinsky

Sri Aurobindo, The Secret of the Veda. Sri Aurobindo weaves a discussion of many of these very profound hymns through the Secret of the Veda as well as various passages in The Life Divine.

Link

Sri Aurobindo chose a series of 13 hymns from the Rig Veda to quickly illustrate and support his insight to the psychological meaning of the Veda and the dual-sense of the symbols chosen by the Rishis.

It is difficult to systematically study and appreciate the Rig Veda other than through audio programs, inasmuch as considerable force of the revelation comes through in the poetic force and recitation of these verses, and thus, we have created a series of audio files which include introduction by Sri Aurobindo, the recitation of the Sanskrit text of the Rig Vedic hymns chosen, and the English translation provided by Sri Aurobindo. All recordings were created in 1973 at Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Commentary and Translation by Sri Aurobindo. Recitation in Sanskrit by Sri Vinayak. English recitation by Santosh Krinsky. Click on the enclosed links to go directly to each of the 13 audio files included here. Page references to the U.S. edition of The Secret of the Veda by Sri Aurobindo, published by Lotus Press are provided for further elucidation and reading on the subject of each hymn.

Sri Aurobindo writes: “My object has been to show in as brief a compass as possible the real functions of the Vedic gods, the sense of the symbols in which their cult is expressed, the nature of the sacrifice and its goal, explaining by actual examples the secret of the Veda. I have purposely selected a few brief and easy hymns, and avoided those which have a more striking depth, subtlety and complexity of thought and image, — alike those which bear the psychological sense plainly and fully on their surface and those which by their very strangeness and profundity reveal their true character of mystic and sacred poems. It is hoped that these examples will be sufficient to show the reader who cares to study them with an open mind the real sense of this, our earliest and greatest poetry. By other translations of a more general character it will be shown that these ideas are not merely the highest thought of a few Rishis, but the pervading sense and teaching of the Rig-veda.”

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 170 The Colloquy of Indra and Agastya, pp. 241-244

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 4 Indra, Giver of Light, pp. 245-253

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 171 Indra and the Thought-Forces, pp. 254-262

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 77 Agni, the Illumined Will, pp. 263-271

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala V, Sukta 81 Surya Savitri, Creator and Increaser, pp. 272-280

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala III, Sukta 61 The Divine Dawn, pp. 281-286

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala V, Sukta 82 To Bhaga Savitri, the Enjoyer, pp. 287-293

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala IV, Sukta 48 Vayu, the Master of the Life Energies, pp. 294-302

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala IV, Sukta 50 Brihaspati, Power of the Soul, pp. 303-313

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala IV, Sukta 45 the Ashwins, Lords of Bliss, pp. 314-323

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 20 the Ribhus, Artisans of Immortality, pp. 324-330

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala I, Sukta 154 Vishnu, the All-Pervading Godhead, pp. 331-338

Rig Veda Samhita Mandala IX, Sukta 83 Soma, Lord of Delight and Immortality pp. 339-348

Sri Aurobindo, The Secret of the Veda, Selected Hymns, pp. 241-348